Offices and Officers of Medieval Royal Government

The Chancery *

Chancellor **

Keeper of the Chancery Rolls †

Keeper of the Hanaper



The Royal Scriptorium


Master of the Scriptorium (Writing Office)

Greater Clerks of the Chancery “Clerks of the 1st Form” (12)

Clerks of the Roll

Clerk of the Parliamentary Roll

Commanders of Writs


Clerks of the Crown (2)


Clerks of the Office

(c. 100 or more total)

Office of the Clerks of the King’s Ships


Admiralty Clerks of Chancery :

(of the Ports of the North)

(of the Ports of the South)

(of the Ports of the East)

(of the Ports of the West)


The Exchequer

The Upper Exchequer (Exchequer of Account)

Clergy :

Chancellor of the Exchequer

Treasurer of the Exchequer

Marshal of the Exchequer

Constable of the Exchequer

Chancellor’s Scribe/Clerk

Treasurer’s Scribe/Clerk

Chamberlain’s Clerk

Marshal’s Clerk

Constable’s Clerk

Chief Writing Clerk

Clerk of the King’s Remembrancer


Tally Cutter

Laymen :

Usher of the Upper Exchequer

The Lower Exchequer (The Receipt)

Clergy :

Treasurer’s Clerk (Clerk of the Lower Exchequer)

Tellers (4)

Laymen :

Sergeant Usher of the Exchequer

Knight Chamberlain of the Receipt (2)


* Chancery is considered by the clergy to be their private preserve, especially considering the fact they have an exclusive monopoly on formal education. Any who are educated privately who enter Chancery without being clergymen are not only highly unusual, but will not remain outside the clergy for long, for the livings for all Chancery clerks are supplied by the Church.

** The chancellor is always a bishop of the Church.

† The Keeper of the Rolls is always a Clerk of the 1st Form, and is also often the Master of the Scriptorium at the same time, but this will be the GM’s call to make.

The rights of the Church in the positions of the government are a matter of long-standing custom held over from the days when there were no others fit in the realm to be called for such service.

The GM will please note that in the period of the game, the machinery of Crown government had become too big to follow the king on his perambulations about the realm, especially considering the records amassed by that point, and so became permanently lodged.


The King’s Household

The Chamber

Clergy :

Controller of the Chamber

General Surveyors of the Chamber (2)

Chief Clerk of the Chamber

Clerks of the King’s Chamber (6-8)

Laymen :

King’s Chamberlain *

Receiver of the Chamber

Surveyor/Keeper of the Viands for the Royal Mouth

Sergeant Usher of the Chamber

Sergeants-at-Arms of the Chamber (4)

Sergeant Naper (Laundryman)

Ewerers of the Chamber

Sewer of the King’s Table

Squire of the King’s Body **

Squire Usher

Squire Carver

Squire Cupbearer

Sergeant Usher’s Valet

Harbinger of the Chamber

Porters of the Chamber

Squires of the Court ††

Yeomen of the Chamber (8)

Sumptermen of the Chamber (16)

King’s Minstrels (2)

Kings Trumpeters (2)

The King’s Privy Wardrobe

Clergy :

Treasurer/Clerk/Keeper of the Privy Wardrobe

Controller of the Privy Wardrobe

Keeper of the Privy Seal

Clerks of the Privy Seal (3)


Controller’s Clerk (assistant)

Cofferer’s Clerk

Controller’s Clerks (7+)

Keeper’s/Cofferer’s Clerks (4)

The Great Wardrobe

Clergy :

Usher of the Wardrobe (Clerk of the Spicery)

King’s Surgeon

King’s Physicker

Laymen :

Sub-Usher/Harbinger of the Wardrobe

Yeoman Porter of the Wardrobe

King’s Chief Banker †

The Spicery

Clergy :

Clerk of the Spicery (Usher of the Wardrobe)

Sub-Clerk of the Spicery

Laymen :

Sergeant Chandler


The King’s Hall

Clergy :

Steward’s Clerk/Coroner/Clerk of the Market

Chief Clerk of the Kitchens

Chief Clerk of the Pantry & Buttery

Clerk of the Marshal Harbinger

Usher of the Pantry & Buttery

(asst. to Chief Clerk of the Pantry & Buttery)

Under-clerk to Chief Clerk of the Kitchens

Laymen :

King’s Steward ◊

Marshal of the Hall

Chief Butler/Chamberlain of Wines

Butler’s Attorney

Marshal Harbinger

Marshal’s Sergeant

Marshal Harbinger’s Sergeant

Yeoman to Marshal Harbinger’s Sergeant

Chief Usher

Administrative household knights banneret (20+)

Administrative household knights bachelor (40+)

Sergeant Ushers (2)

Sergeant Surveyor of the Dresser

Chief Sergeant of the Pantry

2nd Sergeant of the Pantry/Butler

3rd Sergeant Butler

Sergeant Baker


Sergeant Dapifer

Sergeant Larderer

Sergeant Poulterer

Sergeant of the Scullery

Sergeant of the Saucery

Sergeant/servant carry meals & bread to the king and Chamber

Squires of the Dresser (3)

Squire Fruiterer

Yeoman Ushers

King’s Horseguard (30+)

Yeoman of the Guard (footmen archers, 24)

Yeoman Usher of the Kitchens

Yeoman of the Pantry

Yeoman of the Porters of the Pantry

Yeoman/servant carry meals & bread to the king and Chamber

Yeoman Purveyor of the Bread

Yeoman Bakers (2)

Yeoman of the Cuphouse

Yeoman Drawer of Wine

Yeoman Pourer of Wine and Ale

Yeoman Purveyor of Ale (& Beer)

Yeoman of the Pitcherhouse (2)

Yeoman Porters of Wine & Ale

Yeoman Porters of the Larder (2)

Yeomen of the Scullery (2)

Yeomen of the Saucery (2)

Buyers of the Kitchens (3)

Poulterer’s Assistant


The Marshalsea

Clergy :

Chief Clerk of the Marshalsea

Avener/Chief Clerk of the Avenary

Laymen :

King’s Marshal

King’s Farrier

Knight-Master Huntsman

Sergeant-Master/Keeper of the King’s Palfreys & Destriers

Master of Hounds

Master Falconer

Yeomen Purveyors & Farriers (13)

Huntsmen (sergeant/yeomen)

Head Groom

Sumptermen (37)

Palfreymen of the King’s Stables (92)

Outriders (29)

Carters (29)


The Chapel

Clergy :

Clerks of the Chapel (5)

King’s Confessor

King’s Almoner

Laymen :

Sergeants of the Chapel (4)

* The Chamberlain is never less than a knight banneret in rank, and more usually a baron (Lord) or Earl.

** The king’s personal squire is always a young man of gentle (noble) birth from a high-ranking family closely allied with the Crown.

† The King’s Banker is always a free commoner, an extremely successful merchant of extensive wealth and holdings, sometimes a foreigner, as was the case of the Lombard bankers that backed the English through most of the period of the game.

†† These may consist of any number of hostages, wards, and/or children of allies and vassals.

◊ The king’s steward is always a high-ranking, wealthy Lord, no less than an Earl.


King’s Officers of the Realm

Clergy :

Justices’ Keepers’ Clerks

Justices’ Keepers of the Rolls & Writs

Keepers of Chamber Manors

Laymen :

Keeper/Justice of the Forests of the North

Keeper/Justice of the Forests of the South

Keeper of Royal Lands of the North

Keeper of Royal Lands of the South

Keeper of Royal Lands of the East

Keeper of Royal Lands of the West

Keepers/Justices of Forests (specific)

Captains/Masters of the Kings Ships (15)

Constables of the King’s Ships (15)

Baron Keepers of Royal Lands

Deputy Keepers

Sergeant Foresters

Deputy Foresters


Woodwards/Keepers of the Private Woods/Parks/Chases

Reeves of Forest Vills



Rangers of Disafforested Districts

Huntsmen/Keepers of Horses, Hawks & Hounds (specific by beast)

Valet/Keepers of Horses, Hawks & Hounds (specific by beast)


The Queen’s Household

Ladies in Waiting (4)

Damsels in Waiting (9)

Knights Banneret (4)

Lord Steward

Clerks of the Household :

Lord Treasurer

Lord Controller

Master Physician


Lord Almoner

Servants & Clerks :

Marshal of the Queen’s Hall

Clerk of the Marshalsea

Sergeants at Arms (2)

Clerk Writing the Queen’s Own Letters



Master Cook of the Queen’s Own Mouth

Cook of the Queens Household (Familia)


Usher of the Queen’s Hall


Further Servants :


Smith (2)


Servants (5)

Squires (22)

Squires’ Servants


Servant of the Wardrobe (+4)

Laundress of the Chamber

Laundress of the Nappery

Watchmen (2)

Groom of the Palfreys

Groom of the Larder



Grooms (33)

Messengers (2)

Carter of the Queen’s Great Wardrobe

Carter of the Larder

Carters of the Little Carts of the Queen’s Small Wardrobe (2)

Carter of the Medium Cart of the Queen’s Small Wardrobe

Carter of the Medium Cart of the Buttery

Carter of the Medium Cart of the Kitchen

Sumpterman of the Saucery

Sumpterman of the Chapel

Sumptermen (20)

Palfreymen & Keepers of the Queen’s Chargers (9)

Palfreymen (16)

Porter of the Great Wardrobe

Boys of the Queen’s Damsels (4)

Boys of the Queen’s Confessor (4)

Outriders of the Queens Carts (7)

Keepers of the Hackneys for Saddle Cloths (3)


Shire Government

Clergy :

Sheriff’s Clerk

Keepers/Clerks of the Pleas of the Crown

Coroner’s Clerk

Esheator’s Clerk

Hundred Clerks

Laymen :


Knight Coroner of the Shire (up to 4)

Knight Esheator of the Shire

Constable of Castles


Bailiffs Itinerant of the Shire

Chief Bailiffs

Constables of Hundreds

Bailiffs of Hundreds

Constables of Townships or Vills



Noble House Officers

Clergy :

Chancellor/Keeper of the Seal/Personal Secretary

Master of the Writing Office

Treasurer (Exchequer)

General Surveyor of the Chamber ◊

General Surveyor of the Chamber ◊◊



Household Chaplain

Confessor *



Laymen :

Steward **

Stewards †

Steward of the Household ††


Master of the Wardrobe


Household Knight


Factors/Men of Affairs/Buying Agents (itinerant)

District or Estate Bailiff(s)

Manor Reeve(s)

◊ A general auditor for all household accounts.

◊◊ A general administrator over all estate revenues.

* May be one and the same as the Chaplain, especially in lesser noble houses.

** The Lord’s assistant in all matters.

† Administrators over groups or individual estates.

†† May be held by two men, one for Above Stairs and Below Stairs, among great lords.


Religious House Officers

Suffragan Bishop †


Prior/Sub Prior

















Master/Mistress of the School of Novices




Clerk/Messenger *

Household Knight



† Created only by a High Prelate, Arch Bishop, or Bishop over his staff, an assistant in all matters, often itinerant.

* Each department in the household has their own.